plant is known in botany as Glycyrrhiza which means "sweet
root" in Greek The history of licorice is as old as the history
of medicine and confection. Avicenna (ibn-Sina), the famous Iranian
physician used this plant in treating his patients nine centuries
Nowadays different products made from licorice are used for different
purposes and in various industries, such as tobacco, medicine,
foodstuff in Europe, U.S. Japan and other countries..
Different varieties of this plant grow in Turkey, Iran, Russia,
Iraq, China and Afghanistan whose chemical specifications, flavor
and taste differ from one another due to differences in climate
conditions of these countries.
Glycyrrhiza Glabra, one of these varieties, grows wildly and perennially
in the vast areas of Iran especially in Fars, Kerman, Lorestan
and Kohkiloy-yeh Provinces Iran's licorice, benefiting from favorable
climate conditions, rich soil and superior variety of plant, has
the best quality and has been in the focal point in the world
market in the past 50 year.